Acoustic Emission (AE) is a phenomenon and non-destructive testing (NDT) technique that involves the generation of high-frequency acoustic or ultrasonic waves by a material or structure in response to an applied stress or external force. These acoustic waves, often in the form of stress waves, can be detected, recorded, and analyzed to gain insights into the structural integrity, material properties, and potential defects within the object being tested.


A Multi-sensor Feature Fusion Network Model for Bearings Grease Life Assessment in Accelerated Experiments

This paper presents a multi-sensor feature fusion (MSFF) neural network comprised of two inception layer-type multiple channel feature fusion (MCFF) networks for both inner-sensor and cross-sensor feature fusion in conjunction with a deep residual neural network (ResNet) for accurate grease life assessment and bearings health monitoring. The single MCFF network is designed for low-level feature extraction and fusion of either vibration or acoustic emission signals at multi-scales. The concatenation of MCFF networks serves as a cross-sensor feature fusion layer to combine extracted features from both vibration and acoustic emission sources. A ResNet is developed for high-level feature extraction from the fused feature maps and prediction. Besides, to handle the large volume of collected data, original time-series data are transformed to the frequency domain with different sampling intervals and targeted ranges. The proposed MSFF network outperforms other models based on different fusion methods, fully connected network predictors and/or a single sensor source.