Tiejun J. Xia works at Verizon.


Distributed Fiber Sensor Network using Telecom Cables as Sensing Media: Applications

Distributed fiber optical systems (DFOS) allow deployed optical cables to monitor the ambient environment over wide geographic area. We review recent field trial results, and show how DFOS can be made compatible with passive optical networks (PONs).

Field Trial of Distributed Fiber Sensor Network Using Operational Telecom Fiber Cables as Sensing Media

We demonstrate fiber optic sensing systems in a distributed fiber sensor network built on existing telecom infrastructure to detect temperature, acoustic effects, vehicle traffic, etc. Measurements are also demonstrated with different network topologies and simultaneously sensing four fiber routes with one system.

First Proof That Geographic Location on Deployed Fiber Cable Can Be Determined by Using OTDR Distance Based on Distributed Fiber Optical Sensing Technology

We demonstrated for the first time that geographic locations on deployed fiber cables can be determined accurately by using OTDR distances. The method involves vibration stimulation near deployed cables and distributed fiber optical sensing technology.

First Field Trial of Distributed Fiber Optical Sensing and High-Speed Communication Over an Operational Telecom Network

To the best of our knowledge, we present the first field trial of distributed fiber optical sensing (DFOS) and high-speed communication, comprising a coexisting system, over an operation telecom network. Using probabilistic-shaped (PS) DP-144QAM, a 36.8 Tb/s with an 8.28-b/s/Hz spectral efficiency (SE) (48-Gbaud channels, 50-GHz channel spacing) was achieved. Employing DFOS technology, road traffic, i.e., vehicle speed and vehicle density, were sensed with 98.5% and 94.5% accuracies, respectively, as compared to video analytics. Additionally, road conditions, i.e., roughness level was sensed with >85% accuracy via a machine learning based classifier.

Neural-Network-Based G-OSNR Estimation of Probabilistic-Shaped 144QAM Channels in DWDM Metro Network Field Trial

A two-stage neural network model is applied on captured PS-144QAM raw data to estimate channel G-OSNR in a metro network field trial. We obtained 0.27dB RMSE with first-stage CNN classifier and second-stage ANN regressions.

First Field Trial of Sensing Vehicle Speed, Density, and Road Conditions by Using Fiber Carrying High Speed Data

For the first time, we demonstrate detection of vehicle speed, density, and road conditions using deployed fiber carrying high-speed data transmission, and prove carriers’ large-scale fiber infrastructures can also be used as ubiquitous sensing networks.

41.5-Tb/s Transmission Over 549 km of Field Deployed Fiber Using Throughput Optimized Probabilistic-Shaped 144QAM

We demonstrate high spectral efficiency transmission over 549 km of field-deployed single-mode fiber using probabilistic-shaped 144QAM. We achieved 41.5 Tb/s over the C-band at a spectral efficiency of 9.02 b/s/Hz using 32-Gbaud channels at a channel spacing of 33.33 GHz, and 38.1 Tb/s at a spectral efficiency of 8.28 b/s/Hz using 48-Gbaud channels at a channel spacing of 50 GHz. To the best of our knowledge, these are the highest total capacities and spectral efficiencies reported in a metro field environment using C-band only. In high spectral efficiency transmission, it is necessary to optimize back-to-back performance in order to maximize the link loss margin. Our results are enabled by the joint optimization of constellation shaping and coding overhead to minimize the gap to Shannon’s capacity, transmitter- and receiver-side digital backpropagation, signal clipping optimization, and I/Q imbalance compensation.

Optimization of Probabilistic Shaping Enabled Transceivers with Large Constellation Sizes for High Capacity Transmission

We study digital signal processing techniques to optimize the back-to-back performance of large probabilistic shaped constellations. We cover joint optimization of LDPC and constellation shaping, CD pre-compensation, clipping and I/Q imbalance compensation.

41.5 Tb/s Data Transport over 549 km of Field Deployed Fiber Using Throughput Optimized Probabilistic-Shaped 144QAM to Support Metro Network Capacity Demands

41.5-Tb/s over 549 km of deployed SSMF in Verizon’s network is achieved using probabilistic-shaped 144QAM to optimize throughput at ultra-fine granularity. This is the highest C-band only capacity and spectral efficiency in metro field environment.