An Artificial Neural Network is a computational model inspired by the structure and function of the human brain. It consists of interconnected nodes, or artificial neurons, organized in layers. These layers include an input layer, one or more hidden layers, and an output layer. Neural networks are designed to learn and generalize patterns from data. During training, the network adjusts the weights of connections between neurons to minimize the difference between predicted outputs and actual targets. Neural networks are widely used in machine learning and deep learning for tasks such as image recognition, natural language processing, and pattern recognition.


Rain Intensity Detection and Classification with Pre-existing Telecom Fiber Cables

For the first time, we demonstrate detection and classification of rain intensity using Distributed Acoustic Sensing (DAS). An artificial neural network was applied for rain intensity classification and high precision of over 96% was achieved.

Model transfer of QoT prediction in optical networks based on artificial neural networks

An artificial neural network (ANN) based transfer learning model is built for quality of transmission (QoT) prediction in optical systems feasible with different modulation formats. Knowledge learned from one optical system can be transferred to a similar optical system by adjusting weights in ANN hidden layers with a few additional training samples, where highly related information from both systems is integrated and redundant information is discarded. Homogeneous and heterogeneous ANN structures are implemented to achieve accurate Q-factor-based QoT prediction with low root-mean-square error. The transfer learning accuracy under different modulation formats, transmission distances, and fiber types is evaluated. Using transfer learning, the number of retraining samples is reduced from 1000 to as low as 20, and the training time is reduced by up to four times.

ANN-Based Transfer Learning for QoT Prediction in Real-Time Mixed Line-Rate Systems

Quality of transmission prediction for real-time mixed line-rate systems is realized using artificial neural network based transfer learning with SDN orchestrating. 0.42 dB accuracy is achieved with a 1000 to 20 reduction in training samples.