Dictionary Learning is a technique in signal processing and machine learning where a dataset is represented as a linear combination of basis elements from a learned “dictionary.” It is often used for tasks like image compression, feature extraction, and denoising.


Few-Shot Video Classification via Representation Fusion and Promotion Learning

Recent few-shot video classification (FSVC) works achieve promising performance by capturing similarity across support and query samples with different temporal alignment strategies or learning discriminative features via Transformer block within each episode. However, they ignore two important issues: a) It is difficult to capture rich intrinsic action semantics from a limited number of support instances within each task. b) Redundant or irrelevant frames in videos easily weaken the positive influence of discriminative frames. To address these two issues, this paper proposes a novel Representation Fusion and Promotion Learning (RFPL) mechanism with two sub-modules: meta-action learning (MAL) and reinforced image representation (RIR). Concretely, during training stage, we perform online learning for seeking a task-shared meta-action bank to enrich task-specific action representation by injecting global knowledge. Besides, we exploit reinforcement learning to obtain the importance of each frame and refine the representation. This operation maximizes the contribution of discriminative frames to further capture the similarity of support and query samples from the same category. Our RFPL framework is highly flexible that it can be integrated with many existing FSVC methods. Extensive experiments show that RFPL significantly enhances the performance of existing FSVC models when integrated with them.

A Temperature-Informed Data-Driven Approach for Behind-the-Meter Solar Disaggregation

The lack of visibility to behind-the-meter (BTM) PVs causes many challenges to utilities. By constructing a dictionary of typical load patterns based on daily average temperatures and power consumptions, this paper proposes a temperature-informed data-driven approach for disaggregating BTM PV generation. This approach takes advantage of the high correlation between outside temperature and electricity consumption, as well as the high similarity between PV generation profiles. First, temperature-based fluctuation patterns are extracted from customer load demands without PV for each specific temperature range to build a temperature-based dictionary (TBD) in the offline stage. The dictionary is then used to disaggregate BTM PV in real-time. As a result, the proposed approach is more practical and provides a useful guideline in using temperature for operators in online mode. The proposed methodology has been verified using real smart meter data from London.