Distributed Sensing refers to the general concept of sensing physical phenomena continuously over an extended area rather than at discrete points. It often involves the use of technologies like distributed fiber optic sensing or wireless sensor networks to capture and analyze data across large or elongated regions.

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Vibration Detection and Localization using Modified Digital Coherent Telecom Transponders

Vibration Detection and Localization using Modified Digital Coherent Telecom Transponders We demonstrate a vibration detection and localization scheme based on bidirectional transmission of telecom signals with digital coherent detection at the receivers. Optical phase is extracted from the digital signal processing blocks of the coherent receiver, from which the vibration component is extracted by bandpass filtering, and the position along the cable closest to the vibration’s epicenter is recovered by correlation. We demonstrate our scheme first using offline experiment with 200-Gb/s DP-16QAM, and we report field trial results over installed fiber to detect real-world vibration events.