Dongwan Kim is a former Research Intern in the Media Analytics department at NEC Laboratories America, Inc., while studying at Seoul National University.


Improving the Efficiency-Accuracy Trade-off of DETR-Style Models in Practice

This report aims to provide a comprehensive view on the inference efficiency of DETR-style detection models. We provide the effect of the basic efficiency techniques and identify the factors that are easily applicable yet effectively improve the efficiency-accuracy trade-off. Specifically, we explore the effect of input resolution, multi-scale feature enhancement, and backbone pre-training. Our experiments support that 1) improving the detection accuracy for smaller objects while minimizing the increase in inference cost is a good strategy to achieve a better trade-off between accuracy and efficiency. 2) Multi-scale feature enhancement can be lightened with marginal accuracy loss and 3) improved backbone pre-training can further enhance the trade-off.

Learning Semantic Segmentation from Multiple Datasets with Label Shifts

While it is desirable to train segmentation models on an aggregation of multiple datasets, a major challenge is that the label space of each dataset may be in conflict with one another. To tackle this challenge, we propose UniSeg, an effective and model-agnostic approach to automatically train segmentation models across multiple datasets with heterogeneous label spaces, without requiring any manual relabeling efforts. Specifically, we introduce two new ideas that account for conflicting and co-occurring labels to achieve better generalization performance in unseen domains. First, we identify a gradient conflict in training incurred by mismatched label spaces and propose a class-independent binary cross-entropy loss to alleviate such label conflicts. Second, we propose a loss function that considers class-relationships across datasets for a better multi-dataset training scheme. Extensive quantitative and qualitative analyses on road-scene datasets show that UniSeg improves over multi-dataset baselines, especially on unseen datasets, e.g., achieving more than 8%p gain in IoU on KITTI. Furthermore, UniSeg achieves 39.4% IoU on the WildDash2 public benchmark, making it one of the strongest submissions in the zero-shot setting. Our project page is available at

Learning to Optimize Domain Specific Normalization for Domain Generalization

We propose a simple but effective multi-source domain generalization technique based on deep neural networks by incorporating optimized normalization layers that are specific to individual domains. Our approach employs multiple normalization methods while learning separate affine parameters per domain. For each domain, the activations are normalized by a weighted average of multiple normalization statistics. The normalization statistics are kept track of separately for each normalization type if necessary. Specifically, we employ batch and instance normalizations in our implementation to identify the best combination of these two normalization methods in each domain. The optimized normalization layers are effective to enhance the generalizability of the learned model. We demonstrate the state-of-the-art accuracy of our algorithm in the standard domain generalization benchmarks, as well as viability to further tasks such as multi-source domain adaptation and domain generalization in the presence of label noise.