Evidence refers to information or data that contributes to the understanding of uncertainty in the context of sound event early detection. The use of evidence involves capturing and modeling various aspects of the data that contribute to the uncertainty associated with predicting sound events, and it plays a central role in achieving reliable predictions. The uncertainty is informed by evidence, enriching the representation of uncertainty with supporting information.

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SEED: Sound Event Early Detection via Evidential Uncertainty

SEED: Sound Event Early Detection via Evidential Uncertainty Sound Event Early Detection (SEED) is an essential task in recognizing the acoustic environments and soundscapes. However, most of the existing methods focus on the offline sound event detection, which suffers from the over-confidence issue of early-stage event detection and usually yield unreliable results. To solve the problem, we propose a novel Polyphonic Evidential Neural Network (PENet) to model the evidential uncertainty of the class probability with Beta distribution. Specifically, we use a Beta distribution to model the distribution of class probabilities, and the evidential uncertainty enriches uncertainty representation with evidence information, which plays a central role in reliable prediction. To further improve the event detection performance, we design the backtrack inference method that utilizes both the forward and backward audio features of an ongoing event. Experiments on the DESED database show that the proposed method can simultaneously improve 13.0% and 3.8% in time delay and detection F1 score compared to the state-of-the-art methods.