Jong-Chyi Su

Jong-Chyi Su

Media Analytics


AIDE: An Automatic Data Engine for Object Detection in Autonomous Driving

Autonomous vehicle (AV) systems rely on robust perception models as a cornerstone of safety assurance. However, objects encountered on the road exhibit a long-tailed distribution, with rare or unseen categories posing challenges to a deployed perception model. This necessitates an expensive process of continuously curating and annotating data with significant human effort. We propose to leverage recent advances in vision-language and large language models to design an Automatic Data Engine (AIDE) that automatically identifies issues, efficiently curates data, improves the model through auto-labeling, and verifies the model through generation of diverse scenarios. This process operates iteratively, allowing for continuous self-improvement of the model. We further establish a benchmark for open-world detection on AV datasets to comprehensively evaluate various learning paradigms, demonstrating our method’s superior performance at a reduced cost.

Improving the Efficiency-Accuracy Trade-off of DETR-Style Models in Practice

This report aims to provide a comprehensive view on the inference efficiency of DETR-style detection models. We provide the effect of the basic efficiency techniques and identify the factors that are easily applicable yet effectively improve the efficiency-accuracy trade-off. Specifically, we explore the effect of input resolution, multi-scale feature enhancement, and backbone pre-training. Our experiments support that 1) improving the detection accuracy for smaller objects while minimizing the increase in inference cost is a good strategy to achieve a better trade-off between accuracy and efficiency. 2) Multi-scale feature enhancement can be lightened with marginal accuracy loss and 3) improved backbone pre-training can further enhance the trade-off.

Active Adversarial Domain Adaptation

We propose an active learning approach for transferring representations across domains. Our approach, active adversarial domain adaptation (AADA), explores a duality between two related problems: adversarial domain alignment and importance sampling for adapting models across domains. The former uses a domain discriminative model to align domains, while the latter utilizes the model to weigh samples to account for distribution shifts. Specifically, our importance weight promotes unlabeled samples with large uncertainty in classification and diversity compared to la-beled examples, thus serving as a sample selection scheme for active learning. We show that these two views can be unified in one framework for domain adaptation and transfer learning when the source domain has many labeled examples while the target domain does not. AADA provides significant improvements over fine-tuning based approaches and other sampling methods when the two domains are closely related. Results on challenging domain adaptation tasks such as object detection demonstrate that the advantage over baseline approaches is retained even after hundreds of examples being actively annotated.