Junbo Zhao works at University of Connecticut.


Distributed Fiber Optic Sensing for Fault Localization Caused by Fallen Tree Using Physics-informed ResNet

Falling trees or their limbs can cause power lines to break or sag, sometimes resulting in devastating wildfires. Conventional protections such as circuit breakers, overcurrent relays and automatic circuit reclosers may clear short circuits caused by tree contact, but they may not detect cases where the conductors remain intact or a conducting path is not sufficient to create a full short circuit. In this paper, we introduce a novel, non-intrusive monitoring technique that detects and locates fallen trees, even if a short circuit is not triggered. This method employs distributed fiber optic sensing (DFOS) to detect vibrations along the power distribution line where corresponding fiber cables are installed. A physics-informed ResNet model is then utilized to interpret this information and accurately locate fallen trees, which sets it apart from traditional black-box predictions of machine learning algorithms. Our real-scale lab tests demonstrate highly accurate and reliable fallen tree detection and localization.

A Temperature-Informed Data-Driven Approach for Behind-the-Meter Solar Disaggregation

The lack of visibility to behind-the-meter (BTM) PVs causes many challenges to utilities. By constructing a dictionary of typical load patterns based on daily average temperatures and power consumptions, this paper proposes a temperature-informed data-driven approach for disaggregating BTM PV generation. This approach takes advantage of the high correlation between outside temperature and electricity consumption, as well as the high similarity between PV generation profiles. First, temperature-based fluctuation patterns are extracted from customer load demands without PV for each specific temperature range to build a temperature-based dictionary (TBD) in the offline stage. The dictionary is then used to disaggregate BTM PV in real-time. As a result, the proposed approach is more practical and provides a useful guideline in using temperature for operators in online mode. The proposed methodology has been verified using real smart meter data from London.