Measurement is the process of assigning a numerical value to an attribute or property of an object or phenomenon, using a standard unit. The goal of measurement is to obtain quantitative information about the size, quantity, quality, or some other characteristic of the subject being measured. Measurements are fundamental to various fields, including science, engineering, economics, and everyday activities.

Measurement is a fundamental aspect of scientific inquiry and empirical research, providing a basis for understanding the physical world, making informed decisions, and solving practical problems. Accurate and reliable measurements are essential for advancing knowledge, conducting experiments, and ensuring the quality and safety of products and processes.


Peek-a-boo: Occlusion Reasoning in Indoor Scenes with Plane Representations

Peek-a-boo: Occlusion Reasoning in Indoor Scenes with Plane Representations We address the challenging task of occlusion-aware indoor 3D scene understanding. We represent scenes by a set of planes, where each one is defined by its normal, offset and two masks outlining (i) the extent of the visible part and (ii) the full region that consists of both visible and occluded parts of the plane. We infer these planes from a single input image with a novel neural network architecture. It consists of a two-branch category-specific module that aims to predict layout and objects of the scene separately so that different types of planes can be handled better. We also introduce a novel loss function based on plane warping that can leverage multiple views at training time for improved occlusion-aware reasoning. In order to train and evaluate our occlusion-reasoning model, we use the ScanNet dataset and propose (i) a strategy to automatically extract ground truth for both visible and hidden regions and (ii) a new evaluation metric that specifically focuses on the prediction in hidden regions. We empirically demonstrate that our proposed approach can achieve higher accuracy for occlusion reasoning compared to competitive baselines on the ScanNet dataset, e.g. 42.65% relative improvement on hidden regions.

Clairvoyant Networks

Clairvoyant Networks We use the term clairvoyant to refer to networks which provide on-demand visibility for any flow at any time. Traditionally, network visibility is achieved by instrumenting and passively monitoring all flows in a network. SDN networks, by design endowed with full visibility, offer another alternative to network-wide flow monitoring. Both approaches incur significant capital and operational costs to make networks clairvoyant. In this paper, we argue that we can make any existing network clairvoyant by installing one or more SDN-enabled switches and a specialized controller to support on-demand visibility. We analyze the benefits and costs of such clairvoyant networks and provide a basic design by integrating two existing mechanisms for updating paths through legacy switches with SDN, telekinesis and magnet MACs. Our evaluation on a lab testbed and through extensive simulations show that, even with a single SDN-enabled switch, operators can make any flow visible for monitoring within milliseconds, albeit at 38% average increase in path length. With as many as 2% strategically chosen legacy switches replaced with SDN switches, clairvoyant networks achieve on-demand flow visibility with negligible overhead.