Non-Orthogonal Multiple Access (NOMA) is a multiple access scheme in wireless communication where multiple users share the same time-frequency resource, and their signals are transmitted simultaneously. Unlike traditional orthogonal multiple access schemes, NOMA allows non-orthogonal signal transmission, and users are separated based on their power levels or code domains. NOMA is considered for 5G and beyond wireless networks to improve spectral efficiency and user fairness.


Opportunistic Temporal Fair Mode Selection and User Scheduling for Full-duplex Systems

Opportunistic Temporal Fair Mode Selection and User Scheduling for Full-duplex Systems In-band full-duplex (FD) communications – enabled by recent advances in antenna and RF circuit design – has emerged as one of the promising techniques to improve data rates in wireless systems. One of the major roadblocks in enabling high data rates in FD systems is the inter-user interference (IUI) due to activating pairs of uplink and downlink users at the same time-frequency resource block. Opportunistic user scheduling has been proposed as a means to manage IUI and fully exploit the multiplexing gains in FD systems. In this paper, scheduling under long-term and short-term temporal fairness for single-cell FD wireless networks is considered. Temporal fair scheduling is of interest in delay-sensitive applications, and leads to predictable latency and power consumption. The feasible region of user temporal demand vectors is derived, and a scheduling strategy maximizing the system utility while satisfying long-term temporal fairness is proposed. Furthermore, a short-term temporal fair scheduling strategy is devised which satisfies user temporal demands over a finite window-length. It is shown that the strategy achieves optimal average system utility as the window-length is increased asymptotically. Subsequently, practical construction algorithms for long-term and short-term temporal fair scheduling are introduced. Simulations are provided to verify the derivations and investigate the multiplexing gains. It is observed that using successive interference cancellation at downlink users improves FD gains significantly in the presence of strong IUI.