Stand-Alone LTE refers to a mobile communication system where Long-Term Evolution (LTE) technology is implemented independently, without the reliance on other legacy cellular technologies such as 2G or 3G. LTE is a standard for wireless broadband communication, providing high-speed data transfer for mobile devices. When implemented in a stand-alone mode, LTE operates as the primary and sole technology for voice and data services.


ELI: Empowering LTE with Interference Awareness in Unlicensed Spectrum

The advent of LTE into the unlicensed spectrum has necessitated the understanding of its operational efficiency when sharing spectrum with different radio access technologies. Our study reveals that LTE, owing to its inherent transmission characteristics, suffers significant performance degradation in the presence of interference caused by hidden terminals. This motivates the need for interference-awareness in LTE’s channel access in unlicensed spectrum. To address this problem, we propose ELI. ELI’s three-pronged solution equips the LTE base station with novel techniques to: (a) accurately detect and measure interference caused by hidden terminals, (b) collect interference statistics from clients across different channels with affordable overhead, and (c) leverage interference-awareness to improve its channel access performance. Our evaluations show that ELI can achieve 1.5-2x throughput gains over baseline schemes. Finally, ELI is LTE-LAA/MulteFire-standard compliant and can be deployed over the existing LTE-LAA implementation without any modifications.