Structured Output refers to the prediction or output of a machine learning model where the result is not just a single, independent label or value but a structured arrangement of labels or values. This is often used in tasks where the output has a specific structure, such as sequences, graphs, or hierarchical relationships.


Domain Adaptation for Structured Output via Discriminative Patch Representations

Domain Adaptation for Structured Output via Discriminative Patch Representations Predicting structured outputs such as semantic segmentation relies on expensive per-pixel annotations to learn supervised models like convolutional neural networks. However, models trained on one data domain may not generalize well to other domains without annotations for model finetuning. To avoid the labor-intensive process of annotation, we develop a domain adaptation method to adapt the source data to the unlabeled target domain. We propose to learn discriminative feature representations of patches in the source domain by discovering multiple modes of patch-wise output distribution through the construction of a clustered space. With such representations as guidance, we use an adversarial learning scheme to push the feature representations of target patches in the clustered space closer to the distributions of source patches. In addition, we show that our framework is complementary to existing domain adaptation techniques and achieves consistent improvements on semantic segmentation. Extensive ablations and results are demonstrated on numerous benchmark datasets with various settings, such as synthetic-to-real and cross-city scenarios.