Wataru Kohno NEC Labs America

Wataru Kohno


Optical Networking & Sensing


Low-rank Constrained Multichannel Signal Denoising Considering Channel-dependent Sensitivity Inspired by Self-supervised Learning for Optical Fiber Sensing

Optical fiber sensing is a technology wherein audio, vibrations, and temperature are detected using an optical fiber; especially the audio/vibrations-aware sensing is called distributed acoustic sensing (DAS). In DAS, observed data, which is comprised of multichannel data, has suffered from severe noise levels because of the optical noise or the installation methods. In conventional methods for denoising DAS data, signal-processing- or deep-neural-network (DNN)-based models have been studied. The signal-processing-based methods have the interpretability, i.e., non-black box. The DNN-based methods are good at flexibility designing network architectures and objective functions, that is, priors. However, there is no balance between the interpretability and the flexibility of priors in the DAS studies. The DNN-based methods also require a large amount of training data in general. To address the problems, we propose a DNN-structure signal-processing-based denoising method in this paper. As the priors of DAS, we employ spatial knowledge; low rank and channel-dependent sensitivity using the DNN-based structure.The result of fiber-acoustic sensing shows that the proposed method outperforms the conventional methods and the robustness to the number of the spatial ranks. Moreover, the optimized parameters of the proposed method indicate the relationship with the channel sensitivity; the interpretability.

Distributed Fiber-Optic Sensor as an Acoustic Communication Receiver Array

A novel acoustic transmission technique using distributed acoustic sensors is introduced. By choosing better incident angles for smaller fading and employing an 8- channel beamformer, over 10KB data is transmitted at a 6.4kbps data rate.

OFDM Signal Transmission Using Distributed Fiber-Optic Acoustic Sensing

Acoustic data transmission with the Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) signal has been demonstrated using a Distributed Acoustic Sensor (DAS) based on Phase-sensitive Optical Time-Domain Reflectometry (?-OTDR).

Template Matching Method with Distributed Acoustic Sensing Data and Simulation Data

We propose a new method to detect acoustic signals by matching distributed acoustic sensing data with simulation. In the simulation of the dynamic strain on an optical fiber, the optical fiber layouts and the gauge length are properly incorporated. We apply the proposed method to the acoustic-source localization and demonstrate the method localizes the source accurately even under the layouts which include the straight optical fiber for the sensing points with the large gauge-length settings.