A Deep Spatio-Temporal Fuzzy Neural Network for Passenger Demand Prediction

Publication Date: 5/2/2019

Event: SDM 2019

Reference: pp. 100-108, 2019

Authors: Xiaoyuan Liang, New Jersey Institute of Technology; Guiling Wang, New Jersey Institute of Technology; Martin Renqiang Min, NEC Laboratories America, Inc.; Yi Qi, Texas Southern University; Zhu Han, University of Houston

Abstract: In spite of its importance, passenger demand prediction is a highly challenging problem, because the demand is simultaneously influenced by the complex interactions among many spatial and temporal factors and other external factors such as weather. To address this problem, we propose a Spatio-TEmporal Fuzzy neural Network (STEF-Net) to accurately predict passenger demands incorporating the complex interactions of all known important factors. We design an end-to-end learning framework with different neural networks modeling different factors. Specifically, we propose to capture spatio-temporal feature interactions via a convolutional long short-term memory network and model external factors via a fuzzy neural network that handles data uncertainty significantly better than deterministic methods. To keep the temporal relations when fusing two networks and emphasize discriminative spatio-temporal feature interactions, we employ a novel feature fusion method with a convolution operation and an attention layer. As far as we know, our work is the first to fuse a deep recurrent neural network and a fuzzy neural network to model complex spatial-temporal feature interactions with additional uncertain input features for predictive learning. Experiments on a large-scale real-world dataset show that our model achieves more than 10% improvement over the state-of-the-art approaches.

Publication Link: https://epubs.siam.org/doi/10.1137/1.9781611975673.12

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