Multi-user Beam Alignment for Millimeter Wave Systems in Multi-path Environments

Publication Date: 11/1/2020

Event: 54th Annual Asilomar Conference on Signals, Systems, and Computers

Reference: pp. 1-5, 2020

Authors: Mohammad A. Khojastepour, NEC Laboratories America, Inc.; Shahram Shahsavari, University of Waterloo; Abbas Khalili, NYU Tandon School of Engineering; Elza Erkip, NYU Tandon School of Engineering

Abstract: Directional transmission patterns (a.k.a. narrow beams) are the key to wireless communications in millimeter wave (mmWave) frequency bands which suffer from high path loss, severe shadowing, and intense blockage. In addition, the propagation channel in mmWave frequencies incorporates only a few number of spatial clusters requiring a procedure, called beam alignment (BA), to align the corresponding narrow beams with the angle of departure (AoD) of the channel clusters. In addition, BA enables beamforming gains to compensate path loss and shadowing or diversity gains to combat the blockage. Most of the prior analytical studies have considered strong simplifying assumptions such as i) having a single-user scenario and ii) having a single dominant path channel model for theoretical tractability. In this study, we relax such constraints and provide a theoretical framework to design and analyze optimized multiuser BA schemes in multi-path environments. Such BA schemes not only reduce the BA overhead and provide beamforming gains to compensate path loss and shadowing, but also provide diversity gains to mitigate the impact of blockage in practical mmWave systems.

Publication Link: