Field and lab experimental demonstration of nonlinear impairment compensation using neural networks

Publication Date: 7/10/2019

Event: Nature Communications

Reference: 10(3033):1-8, 2019

Authors: Shaoliang Zhang, NEC Laboratories America, Inc.; Fatih Yaman, NEC Laboratories America, Inc.; Kohei Nakamura, NEC Corporation; Takanori Inoue, NEC Corporation; Valey Kamalov, Google; Ljupcho Jovanovski, Google; Vijay Vusirikala, Google; Eduardo Mateo, NEC Corporation; Yoshihisa Inada, NEC Corporation; Ting Wang, NEC Laboratories America, Inc.

Abstract: Fiber nonlinearity is one of the major limitations to the achievable capacity in long distance fiber optic transmission systems. Nonlinear impairments are determined by the signal pattern and the transmission system parameters. Deterministic algorithms based on approximating the nonlinear Schrodinger equation through digital back propagation, or a single step approach based on perturbation methods have been demonstrated, however, their implementation demands excessive signal processing resources, and accurate knowledge of the transmission system. A completely different approach uses machine learning algorithms to learn from the received data itself to figure out the nonlinear impairment. In this work, a single-step, system agnostic nonlinearity compensation algorithm based on a neural network is proposed to pre-distort symbols at transmitter side to demonstrate ~0.6?dB Q improvement after 2800?km standard single-mode fiber transmission using 32 Gbaud signal. Without prior knowledge of the transmission system, the neural network tensor weights are constructed from training data thanks to the intra-channel cross-phase modulation and intra-channel four-wave mixing triplets used as input features.

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