Deep Learning-Based Real-Time Quality Control of Standard Video Compression for Live Streaming

Publication Date: 6/9/2024

Event: IEEE International Conference on Communication (ICC 2024)

Reference: pp. 4864-4869, 2024

Authors: Matin Mortaheb, NEC Laboratories America, Inc., University of Maryland, College Park; Mohammad A. Khojastepour, NEC Laboratories America, Inc.; Srimat T. Chakradhar, NEC Laboratories America, Inc.; Sennur Ulukus, University of Maryland, College Park

Abstract: Ensuring high-quality video content for wireless users has become increasingly vital. Nevertheless, maintaining a consistent level of video quality faces challenges due to the fluctuating encoded bitrate, primarily caused by dynamic video content, especially in live streaming scenarios. Video compression is typically employed to eliminate unnecessary redundancies within and between video frames, thereby reducing the required bandwidth for video transmission. The encoded bitrate and the quality of the compressed video depend on encoder parameters, specifically, the quantization parameter (QP). Poor choices of encoder parameters can result in reduced bandwidth efficiency and high likelihood of non-conformance. Non-conformance refers to the violation of the peak signal-to-noise ratio (PSNR) constraint for an encoded video segment. To address these issues, a real-time deep learning-based H.264 controller is proposed. This controller dynamically estimates the optimal encoder parameters based on the content of a video chunk with minimal delay. The objective is to maintain video quality in terms of PSNR above a specified threshold while minimizing the average bitrate of the compressed video. Experimental results, conducted on both QCIF dataset and a diverse range of random videos from public datasets, validate the effectiveness of this approach. Notably, it achieves improvements of up to 2.5 times in average bandwidth usage compared to the state-of-the-art adaptive bitrate video streaming, with a negligible non-conformance probability below 10?2.

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