Joint Pixel and Feature-level Domain Adaptation in the Wild

Publication Date: 2/5/2018

Event: arXiv


Authors: Luan Tran, Michigan State University, NEC Laboratories America, Inc.; Kihyuk Sohn, NEC Laboratories America, Inc.; Xiang Yu, NEC Laboratories America, Inc.; Xiaoming Liu, Michigan State University; Manmohan Chandraker, NEC Laboratories America, Inc., UC San Diego

Abstract: Recent developments in deep domain adaptation have allowed knowledge transfer from a labeled source domain to an unlabeled target domain at the level of intermediate features or input pixels. We propose that advantages may be derived by combining them, in the form of different insights that lead to a novel design and complementary properties that result in better performance. At the feature level, inspired by insights from semi-supervised learning in a domain adversarial neural network, we propose a novel regularization in the form of domain adversarial entropy minimization. Next, we posit that insights from computer vision are more amenable to injection at the pixel level and specifically address the key challenge of adaptation across different semantic levels. In particular, we use 3D geometry and image synthetization based on a generalized appearance flow to preserve identity across higher-level pose transformations, while using an attribute-conditioned CycleGAN to translate a single source into multiple target images that differ in lower-level properties such as lighting. We validate on a novel problem of car recognition in unlabeled surveillance images using labeled images from the web, handling explicitly specified, nameable factors of variation through pixel-level and implicit, unspecified factors through feature-level adaptation. Extensive experiments achieve state-of-the-art results, demonstrating the effectiveness of complementing feature and pixel-level information via our proposed domain adaptation method.

Publication Link: